The Little Prince: A Graphic Novel
Joann Sfar (original text by Antoine de Saint-Exupéry)
translated by Sarah Ardizzone
Joann Sfar must be a brave (or slightly mad) man to take on such a monumental and iconic book. If you are French, the original story is an institution; everyone knows The Little Prince. But do we really? The Little Prince is often mistakenly considered a children’s book, mainly due to its child-like beautiful watercolours (drawn by Saint-Exupéry himself) and its young protagonist. But anybody who has read the book past childhood will know it is anything but. It is a philosophical tale, often autobiographical; the book was written in 1943 while the author was grounded in New York watching from afar our country being torn to shreds by the Nazi regime, which explains a lot about his portrayal of rulers in the book. Moreover, the rose is allegedly based on the author’s wife who was obviously being rather difficult at the time. (Saint-Exupéry would eventually take to the air again, joining the Free French Forces. He disappeared on a reconnaissance flight over the Mediterranean Sea in July 1944. The remains of his plane were only discovered by a diver in 2003, and recovered in 2004.)
More generally though, one can look at The Little Prince as a denigration of how as we grow as adults we forget how to dream and how to use our imagination; of how the things that should matter stop being important and how we get so engrossed in our search of self-fulfilment and greed, we forget who we are and why we are here.
I was weary approaching this new version. Despite being a nation of comic-lovers, there has been a lot of criticism in France over this, mainly that it is a sacrilege to even consider “touching” this piece of our cultural heritage. That, in itself, did not bother me; Sfar has done an amazing job at bringing new life to a classic that was written a long time ago and will make it appealing to a whole new generation. Surely that’s a good thing?
My main issue with it is that I didn’t like the artwork. It is such a contrast from the Saint-Exupéry’s soft watercolours. I did like his portrayal of the little prince, but was for example extremely disappointed by his drawing of the elephant in the boa (such an important feature of the book). In the original, the simplicity of this drawing is magnificent, and this is lost here. I do like the fact that Sfar gave human features to the rose; I guess the comic format helps to bring extra layers to the story. The most significant here of course is that the pilot appears in this version whereas he is never seen in the original drawings. The focus is invertedly shifted as the pilot, and his feelings towards the little prince take centre stage. It is particularly poignant at the very end, as one can really feel the pilot’s sorrow at losing his friend and all he represents. The pilot’s physical features are very obviously based on Saint-Exupéry himself and again I found this particularly poignant towards the end, knowing how Saint-Exupéry perished.